Ultra-LEAF™ Purified anti-human CD28 Antibody

Pricing & Availability
Clone
CD28.2 (See other available formats)
Workshop
V-CD28.05
Other Names
T44, Tp44
Isotype
Mouse IgG1, κ
Ave. Rating
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Product Citations
publications
CD28dot2_LEAF_062107
Human peripheral blood lymphocytes stained with LEAF™ purified CD28.2, followed by anti-mouse IgGs FITC
  • CD28dot2_LEAF_062107
    Human peripheral blood lymphocytes stained with LEAF™ purified CD28.2, followed by anti-mouse IgGs FITC
  • CSFE_FSC-A_Antibody_FC_2_081213
    Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stained with CFSE on day 0, and then stimulated with (filled histogram) or without (open histogram) immobilized LEAF™ Purified CD3 (clone UCHT1) and LEAF™ purified CD28 (clone CD28.2) for 3 days. On day 4, cells were harvested and stained with CD4 Brilliant Violet 711™. Dot plot (above) was analyzed on live cells. Histogram data (below) was analyzed by gating on CD4 positive cells (above).
  • CSFE_FSC-A_Antibody_FC_3_081213
Cat # Size Price Quantity Avail. Save
302933 100 µg $100
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302934 1 mg $135
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302943 5 mg $490
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302944 25 mg $1,280
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302959 50 mg $2,140
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302960 100 mg $3,075
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Description

CD28 is a 44 kD disulfide-linked homodimeric type I glycoprotein. It is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and is also known as T44 or Tp44. CD28 is expressed on most T lineage cells, NK cell subsets, and plasma cells. CD28 binds both CD80 and CD86 using a highly conserved motif MYPPY in the CDR3-like loop. CD28 is considered a major co-stimulatory molecule, inducing T lymphocyte activation and IL-2 synthesis, and preventing cell death. In vitro studies indicate that ligation of CD28 on T cells by CD80 and CD86 on antigen presenting cells provides a costimulatory signal required for T cell activation and proliferation.

Product Details
Technical data sheet

Product Details

Reactivity
Human, Baboon, Capuchin Monkey, Chimpanzee, Cynomolgus, Pigtailed Macaque, Rhesus, Sooty Mangabey, Squirrel Monkey
Antibody Type
Monoclonal
Host Species
Mouse
Formulation
0.2 µm filtered in phosphate-buffered solution, pH 7.2, containing no preservative. Endotoxin level is <0.01 EU/µg of the protein (<0.001 ng/µg of the protein) as determined by the LAL test.
Preparation
The Ultra-LEAF™ (Low Endotoxin, Azide-Free) antibody was purified by affinity chromatography.
Concentration
The antibody is bottled at the concentration indicated on the vial, typically between 2 mg/mL and 3 mg/mL. Older lots may have also been bottled at 1 mg/mL. Please contact technical support for concentration and total µg amount, or use our Lookup tool if you have a lot number.
Storage & Handling
The antibody solution should be stored undiluted between 2°C and 8°C. This Ultra-LEAF™ solution contains no preservative; handle under aseptic conditions.
Application

FC - Quality tested
IHC-F, Costim, FA - Reported in the literature, not verified in house

Recommended Usage

Each lot of this antibody is quality control tested by immunofluorescent staining with flow cytometric analysis. For flow cytometric staining, the suggested use of this reagent is ≤ 1.0 µg per million cells in 100 µl volume or 100 µl of whole blood. It is recommended that the reagent be titrated for optimal performance for each application.

Application Notes

Additional reported applications (for the relevant formats) include: immunoprecipitation, immunohistochemical staining of acetone-fixed frozen tissue sections4, and in vitro T cell costimulation5-8. This clone was tested in-house and does not work on formalin fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue. The CD28.2 antibody co-stimulates T cell proliferation and cytokine production in the presence of suboptimal amounts of anti-CD3 antibody. The LEAF™ purified antibody (Endotoxin <0.1 EU/µg, Azide-Free, 0.2 µm filtered) is recommended for functional assays (Cat. No. 302914). For highly sensitive assays, we recommend Ultra-LEAF™ purified antibody (Cat. No. 302934) with a lower endotoxin limit than standard LEAF™ purified antibodies (Endotoxin <0.01 EU/µg).

Application References

(PubMed link indicates BioLegend citation)
  1. Schlossman S, et al. Eds. 1995. Leucocyte Typing V. Oxford University Press. New York.
  2. Nunes J, et al. 1993. Biochem. J. 293:835.
  3. Calea-Lauri J, et al. 1999. J. Immunol. 163:62.
  4. Tazi A, et al. 1999. J. Immunol. 163:3511. (IHC)
  5. Marti F, et al. 2001. J. Immunol. 166:197. (Costim)
  6. Jeong SH, et al. 2004. J. Virol. 78:6995. (Costim)
  7. Rivollier A, et al. 2004. Blood 104:4029. (Costim)
  8. Scharschmidt E, et al. 2004. Mol. Cell Biol. 24:3860. (Costim)
  9. Sheng W, et al. 2007.Elsevier 580:6819. PubMed
  10. Mitsuhashi M. 2007. Clin Chem.53:148. PubMed
  11. Ye Z, et al. 2008. Infect. Immun. 76:2541. PubMed
  12. Magatti M, et al. 2008. Stem Cells 26:182. (FA) PubMed
  13. Yoshino N, et al. 2008. Exp. Anim. (Tokyo) 49:97. (FC)
  14. Berg M, et al. 2008. J Leukoc Biol. 83:853. (IP) PubMed
  15. Rout N, et al. 2010. PLoS One 5:e9787. (FC)
  16. Leonard JA, et al. 2011. J. Virol. 85:6867. PubMed
  17. Nomura T, et al. 2012. J. Virol. 86:6481. PubMed
Product Citations
  1. Lin M, et al. 2015. Immunol Lett. 165:26. PubMed
  2. Blewett M, et al. 2016. Sci Transl Med. 8: 356ra119. PubMed
  3. Wang T et al. 2018. Immunity. 49(3):504-514 . PubMed
  4. Sun T, et al. 2019. Haematologica. 105:661. PubMed
RRID
AB_11150591 (BioLegend Cat. No. 302933)
AB_11148949 (BioLegend Cat. No. 302934)
AB_2616667 (BioLegend Cat. No. 302943)
AB_2616668 (BioLegend Cat. No. 302944)
AB_2800748 (BioLegend Cat. No. 302959)
AB_2800749 (BioLegend Cat. No. 302960)

Antigen Details

Structure
Ig superfamily, type I transmembrane glycoprotein, homodimer, 44 kD
Distribution

Mature T cells, thymocytes, NK cell subsets, plasma cells, EBV-positive B cells

Function
T cell costimulation
Ligand/Receptor
CD80, CD86
Cell Type
B cells, NK cells, Plasma cells, T cells, Thymocytes, Tregs
Biology Area
Costimulatory Molecules, Immunology
Molecular Family
CD Molecules
Antigen References

1. Schlossman S, et al. Eds. 1995. Leucocyte Typing V. Oxford University Press. New York.
2. June CH, et al. 1994. Immunol. Today 15:321.
3. Linskey PS, et al. 1993. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 11:191.

Gene ID
940 View all products for this Gene ID
UniProt
View information about CD28 on UniProt.org

Related FAQs

Does BioLegend test each Ultra-LEAF™ antibody by functional assay?

No, BioLegend does not test Ultra-LEAF™ antibodies by functional assays unless otherwise indicated. Due to the possible complexities and variations of uses of biofunctional antibodies in different assays and because of the large product portfolio, BioLegend does not currently perform functional assays as a routine QC for the antibodies. However, we do provide references in which the antibodies were used for functional assays and we do perform QC to verify the specificity and quality of the antibody based on our strict specification criteria.

Do you guarantee that your antibodies are totally pathogen free?

BioLegend does not test for pathogens in-house aside from the GoInVivo™ product line. However, upon request, this can be tested on a custom basis with an outside, independent laboratory.

Does BioLegend test each Ultra-LEAF™ antibody for potential pathogens?

No, BioLegend does not test for pathogens in-house unless otherwise indicated.  However, we can recommend an outside vendor to perform this testing as needed.

Have you tested this Ultra-LEAF™ antibody for in vivo or in vitro applications?

We don't test our antibodies for in vivo or in vitro applications unless otherwise indicated. Depending on the product, the TDS may describe literature supporting usage of a particular product for bioassay. It may be best to further consult the literature to find clone specific information.

Go To Top Version: 5    Revision Date: 06/06/2016

For research use only. Not for diagnostic use. Not for resale. BioLegend will not be held responsible for patent infringement or other violations that may occur with the use of our products.

 

*These products may be covered by one or more Limited Use Label Licenses (see the BioLegend Catalog or our website, www.biolegend.com/ordering#license). BioLegend products may not be transferred to third parties, resold, modified for resale, or used to manufacture commercial products, reverse engineer functionally similar materials, or to provide a service to third parties without written approval of BioLegend. By use of these products you accept the terms and conditions of all applicable Limited Use Label Licenses. Unless otherwise indicated, these products are for research use only and are not intended for human or animal diagnostic, therapeutic or commercial use.

 

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Toll-Free Phone: 1-877-Bio-Legend (246-5343) Phone: (858) 768-5800 Fax: (877) 455-9587

This data display is provided for general comparisons between formats.
Your actual data may vary due to variations in samples, target cells, instruments and their settings, staining conditions, and other factors.
If you need assistance with selecting the best format contact our expert technical support team.

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